August 31, 2021
Knowing your ABC isn’t just for kindergarteners. In fact these three vitamins are essential to any good skincare routine - that’s why experts often refer to them as “gold standard”. But what do they actually do? Read on to find out exactly why you need vitamins A, B and C in your life – and what they can do for your skin.
You’ve probably heard of vitamin A being referred to by its street name - retinoids (or retinol/ retinaldehyde). It’s widely regarded as the top of its class when it comes to anti-ageing concerns, and here’s why: it boosts collagen production, reduces inflammation, normalises and regulates cell turnover (which is especially important for texture and clarity), and even balances oil production. Yep, it’s an overachiever. It does however have a couple of downsides: you can’t use it while pregnant or breastfeeding, it makes your skin photosensitive (so use only at night and always use a sunscreen), and it can be irritating. Many skins will need to build up a tolerance to it, introducing it slowly at once a week, then increasing to alternate nights and eventually every night.
There’s two ingredients you need to know about here: Pro vitamin B5 (aka: panthenol) and vitamin B3 - “niacinamide”. Panthenol is soothing, nourishing, repairing and ideal for red, stressed, dry or irritated skin. It’s also a humectant, meaning it attracts moisture to the skin to keep it hydrated. Niacinamide on the other hand is the ingredient darling of the moment. Another multi-tasker it’s great on every skin type and will boost hydration as well as helping with inflammation, pigmentation, skin immunity and collagen production.
This vitamin needs no introduction–if your skin is glowing, clear and bright, chances are vitamin C is already part of your routine. Also known as L-ascorbic acid it’s a solid all-rounder that suits most skin types with the exception of very sensitive and oily skin types that may need a less potent variation. One of its biggest claims to fame is its antioxidant properties which help protect the skin from environmental damage, but it also reduces inflammation, stimulates collagen production and helps to suppress pigment-causing melanin in the skin.